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BNSS Section 51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita

Updated: Feb 29

Section 51 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Examination of accused by medical practitioner at the request of police officer.


(1) When a person is arrested on a charge of committing an offence of such a nature and alleged to have been committed under such circumstances that there are reasonable grounds for believing that an examination of his person will afford evidence as to the commission of an offence, it shall be lawful for a registered medical practitioner, acting at the request of any police officer, and for any person acting in good faith in his aid and under his direction, to make such an examination of the person arrested as is reasonably necessary in order to ascertain the facts which may afford such evidence, and to use such force as is reasonably necessary for that purpose.


(2) Whenever the person of a female is to be examined under this section, the examination shall be made only by, or under the supervision of, a female registered medical practitioner.


(3) The registered medical practitioner shall, without any delay, forward the examination report to the investigating officer.


Explanation.—In this section and in sections 52 and 53,—


(a) "examination" shall include the examination of blood, blood stains, semen, swabs in case of sexual offences, sputum and sweat, hair samples and finger nail clippings by the use of modern and scientific techniques including DNA profiling and such other tests which the registered medical practitioner thinks necessary in a particular case;


(b) "registered medical practitioner" means a medical practitioner who possesses any medical qualification recognised under the National Medical Commission Act, 2019 and whose name has been entered in the National Medical Register or a State Medical Register under that Act.


Section 52 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Examination of person accused of rape by medical practitioner.


(1) When a person is arrested on a charge of committing an offence of rape or an attempt to commit rape and there are reasonable grounds for believing that an examination of his person will afford evidence as to the commission of such offence, it shall be lawful for a registered medical practitioner employed in a hospital run by the Government or by a local authority and in the absence of such a practitioner within the radius of sixteen kilometers from the place where the offence has been committed, by any other registered medical practitioner, acting at the request of any police officer, and for any person acting in good faith in his aid and under his direction, to make such an examination of the arrested person and to use such force as is reasonably necessary for that purpose.


(2) The registered medical practitioner conducting such examination shall, without delay, examine such person and prepare a report of his examination giving the following particulars, namely:—


(i) the name and address of the accused and of the person by whom he was brought;

(ii) the age of the accused;

(iii) marks of injury, if any, on the person of the accused;

(iv) the description of material taken from the person of the accused for DNA profiling; and

(v) other material particulars in reasonable detail.


(3) The report shall state precisely the reasons for each conclusion arrived at.


(4) The exact time of commencement and completion of the examination shall also be noted in the report.


(5) The registered medical practitioner shall, without delay, forward the report to the investigating officer, who shall forward it to the Magistrate referred to in section 193 as part of the documents referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (6) of that section.


Section 53 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Examination of arrested person by medical officer.


(1) When any person is arrested, he shall be examined by a medical officer in the service of the Central Government or a State Government, and in case the medical officer is not available, by a registered medical practitioner soon after the arrest is made:


Provided that if the medical officer or the registered medical practitioner is of the opinion that one more examination of such person is necessary, he may do so:


Provided further that where the arrested person is a female, the examination of the body shall be made only by or under the supervision of a female medical officer, and in case the female medical officer is not available, by a female registered medical practitioner.


(2) The medical officer or a registered medical practitioner so examining the arrested person shall prepare the record of such examination, mentioning therein any injuries or marks of violence upon the person arrested, and the approximate time when such injuries or marks may have been inflicted.


(3) Where an examination is made under sub-section (1), a copy of the report of such examination shall be furnished by the medical officer or registered medical practitioner, as the case may be, to the arrested person or the person nominated by such arrested person.


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Section 54 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), Bare Act:


Identification of person arrested.


Where a person is arrested on a charge of committing an offence and his identification by any other person or persons is considered necessary for the purpose of investigation of such offence, the Court, having jurisdiction may, on the request of the officer in charge of a police station, direct the person so arrested to subject himself to identification by any person or persons in such manner as the Court may deem fit:


Provided that, if the person identifying the person arrested is mentally or physically disabled, such process of identification shall take place under the supervision of a Magistrate who shall take appropriate steps to ensure that such person identifies the person arrested using methods that person is comfortable with and the identification process

shall be recorded by any audio-video electronic means.


Section 55 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Procedure when police officer deputes subordinate to arrest without warrant.


(1) When any officer in charge of a police station or any police officer making an investigation under Chapter XIII requires any officer subordinate to him to arrest without a warrant (otherwise than in his presence) any person who may lawfully be arrested without a warrant, he shall deliver to the officer required to make the arrest an order in writing, specifying the person to be arrested and the offence or other cause for which the arrest is to be made and the officer so required shall, before making the arrest, notify to the person to be arrested the substance of the order and, if so required by such person, shall show him

the order.


(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall affect the power of a police officer to arrest a person under section. 35.


Section 56 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Health and safety of arrested person.


It shall be the duty of the person having the custody of an accused to take reasonable care of the health and safety of the accused.


Section 57 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Person arrested to be taken before Magistrate or officer in charge of police station.


A police officer making an arrest without warrant shall, without unnecessary delay and subject to the provisions herein contained as to bail, take or send the person arrested before a Magistrate having jurisdiction in the case, or before the officer in charge of a police station.


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Section 58 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Person arrested not to be detained more than twenty-four hours.


No police officer shall detain in custody a person arrested without warrant for a longer period than under all the circumstances of the case is reasonable, and such period shall not, in the absence of a special order of a Magistrate under section 187, exceed twenty-four hours exclusive of the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the Magistrate's Court, whether having jurisdiction or not.


Section 59 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Police to report apprehensions.


Officers in charge of police stations shall report to the District Magistrate, or, if he so directs, to the Sub-divisional Magistrate, the cases of all persons arrested without warrant, within the limits of their respective stations, whether such persons have been admitted to bail or otherwise.


Section 60 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Discharge of person apprehended.


No person who has been arrested by a police officer shall be discharged except on his own bond, or on bail, or under the special order of a Magistrate.


Section 61 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Power, on escape, to pursue and retake.


(1) If a person in lawful custody escapes or is rescued, the person from whose custody he escaped or was rescued may immediately pursue and arrest him in any place in India.


(2) The provisions of section 44 shall apply to arrests under sub-section (1) although the person making any such arrest is not acting under a warrant and is not a police officer having authority to arrest.


Section 62 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Arrest to be made strictly according to Sanhita.


No arrest shall be made except in accordance with the provisions of this Sanhita

or any other law for the time being in force providing for arrest.



Links to important sections of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Section 30 to Section 40 of BNSS (Provisions relating to Arrest starting from Section 35):


Section 144-163 (Section 144,145,146 and 147 relate maintenance proceedings):


Section 173-Section 187 (including section 173 relating to FIR):


Section 188 to Section 209 (including section 193 relating to chargesheet/police report):


Section 210 to Section 222 (including provisions relating to cognizance):


Section 473 to Section 492) (Including Section 480, Section 481, Section 482, Section 483, Section 484, Section 485 that is, provisions relating to bail):


BNSS Section 51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita



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