top of page

COMPLAINTS TO MAGISTRATES Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita

Updated: Feb 7

CHAPTER XVI

COMPLAINTS TO MAGISTRATES


Section 223 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Examination of complainant.


(1) A Magistrate having jurisdiction while taking cognizance of an offence on complaint shall examine upon oath the complainant and the witnesses present, if any, and the substance of such examination shall be reduced to writing and shall be signed by the complainant and the witnesses, and also by the Magistrate:


Provided that no cognizance of an offence shall be taken by the Magistrate without giving the accused an opportunity of being heard:

Provided further that when the complaint is made in writing, the Magistrate need not examine the complainant and the witnesses—


(a) if a public servant acting or purporting to act in the discharge of his official duties or a Court has made the complaint; or


(b) if the Magistrate makes over the case for inquiry or trial to another Magistrate under section 212:


Provided also that if the Magistrate makes over the case to another Magistrate under section 212 after examining the complainant and the witnesses, the latter Magistrate need not re-examine them.


(2) A Magistrate shall not take cognizance on a complaint against a public servant for any offence alleged to have been committed in course of the discharge of his official functions or duties unless—


(a) such public servant is given an opportunity to make assertions as to the situation that led to the incident so alleged; and


(b) a report containing facts and circumstances of the incident from the officer superior to such public servant is received.


Section 224 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of case.


If the complaint is made to a Magistrate who is not competent to take cognizance of the offence, he shall,—


(a) if the complaint is in writing, return it for presentation to the proper Court with an endorsement to that effect;


(b) if the complaint is not in writing, direct the complainant to the proper Court.


Section 225 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Postponement of issue of process.


(1) Any Magistrate, on receipt of a complaint of an offence of which he is

authorised to take cognizance or which has been made over to him under section 212, may, if he thinks fit, and shall, in a case where the accused is residing at a place beyond the area in which he exercises his jurisdiction, postpone the issue of process against the accused, and either inquire into the case himself or direct an investigation to be made by a police officer or by such other person as he thinks fit, for the purpose of deciding whether or not there is sufficient ground for proceeding:


Provided that no such direction for investigation shall be made,—

(a) where it appears to the Magistrate that the offence complained of is triable exclusively by the Court of Session; or

(b) where the complaint has not been made by a Court, unless the complainant and the witnesses present (if any) have been examined on oath under section 223.


(2) In an inquiry under sub-section (1), the Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, take evidence of witnesses on oath:


Provided that if it appears to the Magistrate that the offence complained of is triable exclusively by the Court of Session, he shall call upon the complainant to produce all his witnesses and examine them on oath.


(3) If an investigation under sub-section (1) is made by a person not being a police officer, he shall have for that investigation all the powers conferred by this Sanhita on an officer in-charge of a police station except the power to arrest without warrant.


Read https://www.myjudix.com/blog to get access to brief analysis of latest case laws and access to top legal articles and updated bare acts.


Section 226 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), Bare Act:


Dismissal of complaint.


If, after considering the statements on oath (if any) of the complainant and of the witnesses and the result of the inquiry or investigation (if any) under section 225, the Magistrate is of opinion that there is no sufficient ground for proceeding, he shall dismiss the complaint, and in every such case he shall briefly record his reasons for so doing.


CHAPTER XVIII

COMMENCEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS BEFORE MAGISTRATES


Section 227 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Issue of process.


(1) If in the opinion of a Magistrate taking cognizance of an offence there is sufficient ground for proceeding, and the case appears to be—

(a) a summons-case, he shall issue summons to the accused for his attendance;

or

(b) a warrant-case, he may issue a warrant, or, if he thinks fit, a summons, for causing the accused to be brought or to appear at a certain time before such Magistrate or (if he has no jurisdiction himself) some other Magistrate having jurisdiction.


(2) No summons or warrant shall be issued against the accused under sub-section (1) until a list of the prosecution witnesses has been filed.


(3) In a proceeding instituted upon a complaint made in writing, every summons or warrant issued under sub-section (1) shall be accompanied by a copy of such complaint:

Provided that summons or warrants may also be issued through electronic means.


(4) When by any law for the time being in force any process-fees or other fees are payable, no process shall be issued until the fees are paid and, if such fees are not paid within a reasonable time, the Magistrate may dismiss the complaint.


(5) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to affect the provisions of section 90.


Section 228 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused.


(1) Whenever a Magistrate issues a summons, he may, if he sees reason so to do,

dispense with the personal attendance of the accused and permit him to appear by his pleader.


(2) But the Magistrate inquiring into or trying the case may, in his discretion, at any stage of the proceedings, direct the personal attendance of the accused, and, if necessary, enforce such attendance in the manner hereinbefore provided.


Explore myjudix.com to get access to the most practical and efficient judiciary coaching in India with a separate customised course for prelims and separate customized course for mains.


Section 229 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Special summons in cases of petty offence.


(1) If, in the opinion of a Magistrate taking cognizance of a petty offence, the case may be summarily disposed of under sections 283, 284 or section 285, the Magistrate shall, except where he is, for reasons to be recorded in writing of a contrary opinion, issue summons to the accused requiring him either to appear in person or by pleader before the Magistrate on a specified date, or if he desires to plead guilty to the charge without appearing before the Magistrate, to transmit before the specified date, by post or by messenger to the Magistrate, the said plea in writing and the amount of fine specified in the summons or if he desires to appear by pleader and to plead guilty to the charge through such pleader, to authorise, in writing, the pleader to plead guilty to the charge on his behalf and to pay the fine through such pleader:


Provided that the amount of the fine specified in such summons shall not exceed five thousand rupees.


(2) For the purposes of this section, "petty offence" means any offence punishable only with fine not exceeding five thousand rupees, but does not include any offence so punishable under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, or under any other law which provides for convicting the accused person in his absence on a plea of guilty.


(3) The State Government may, by notification, specially empower any Magistrate to exercise the powers conferred by sub-section (1) in relation to any offence which is compoundable under section 359 or any offence punishable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months, or with fine, or with both where the Magistrate is of opinion that, having regard to the facts and circumstances of the case, the imposition of fine only would meet the ends of justice.


Section 230 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Supply to accused of copy of police report and other documents.


In any case where the proceeding has been instituted on a police report, the Magistrate shall without delay, and in no case beyond fourteen days from the date of production or appearance of the accused, furnish to the accused and the victim (if represented by an advocate) free of cost, a copy of each of the following:—

(i) the police report;


(ii) the first information report recorded under section 193;


(iii) the statements recorded under sub-section (3) of section 180 of all persons whom the prosecution proposes to examine as its witnesses, excluding therefrom any part in regard to which a request for such exclusion has been made by the police officer under sub-section (6) of section 193;


(iv) the confessions and statements, if any, recorded under section 183;


(v) any other document or relevant extract thereof forwarded to the Magistrate

with the police report under sub-section (5) of section 193:


Provided that the Magistrate may, after perusing any such part of a statement as is referred to in clause (iii) and considering the reasons given by the police officer for the request, direct that a copy of that part of the statement or of such portion thereof as the Magistrate thinks proper, shall be furnished to the accused:


Provided further that if the Magistrate is satisfied that any such document is voluminous, he shall, instead of furnishing the accused and the victim (if represented by an advocate) with a copy thereof, may furnish the copies through electronic means or direct that he will only be allowed to inspect it either personally or through advocate in Court:


Provided also that supply of documents in electronic form shall be considered as duly furnished.


Section 231 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Supply to accused of copy of police report and other documents.


Where, in a case instituted otherwise than on a police report, it appears to the Magistrate issuing process under section 227 that the offence is triable exclusively by the Court of Session, the Magistrate shall forthwith furnish to the accused, free of cost, a copy of each of the following:—

(i) the statements recorded under section 223 or section 225, of all persons examined by the Magistrate;

(ii) the statements and confessions, if any, recorded under section 180 or section 183;

(iii) any documents produced before the Magistrate on which the prosecution proposes to rely:


Provided that if the Magistrate is satisfied that any such document is voluminous, he shall, instead of furnishing the accused with a copy thereof, direct that he will only be allowed to inspect it either personally or through pleader in Court:


Provided further that supply of documents in electronic form shall be considered as duly furnished.


Section 232 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Commitment of case to Court of Session when offence is triable exclusively by it.


When in a case instituted on a police report or otherwise, the accused appears or is brought before the Magistrate and it appears to the Magistrate that the offence is triable exclusively by the Court of Session, he shall—

(a) commit, after complying with the provisions of section 230 or section 231 the case to the Court of Session, and subject to the provisions of this Sanhita relating to bail, remand the accused to custody until such commitment has been made;

(b) subject to the provisions of this Sanhita relating to bail, remand the accused to custody during, and until the conclusion of, the trial;

(c) send to that Court the record of the case and the documents and articles, if any, which are to be produced in evidence;

(d) notify the Public Prosecutor of the commitment of the case to the Court of Session:


Provided that the proceedings under this section shall be completed within a period

of ninety days from the date of taking cognizance, and such period may be extended by the Magistrate for a period not exceeding one hundred and eighty days for the reasons to be recorded in writing:


Provided further that any application filed before the Magistrate by the accused or the victim or any person authorised by such person in a case triable by Court of Session, shall be forwarded to the Court of Session with the committal of the case.


Section 233 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Procedure to be followed when there is a complaint case and police investigation in respect of same offence.


(1) When in a case instituted otherwise than on a police report (hereinafter referred to as a complaint case), it is made to appear to the Magistrate, during the course of

the inquiry or trial held by him, that an investigation by the police is in progress in relation

to the offence which is the subject-matter of the inquiry or trial held by him, the Magistrate shall stay the proceedings of such inquiry or trial and call for a report on the matter from the police officer conducting the investigation.


(2) If a report is made by the investigating police officer under section 193 and on such report cognizance of any offence is taken by the Magistrate against any person who

is an accused in the complaint case, the Magistrate shall inquire into or try together the complaint case and the case arising out of the police report as if both the cases were instituted on a police report.


(3) If the police report does not relate to any accused in the complaint case or if the Magistrate does not take cognizance of any offence on the police report, he shall proceed with the inquiry or trial, which was stayed by him, in accordance with the provisions of this Sanhita.


Tap: https://www.myjudix.com/post/section-234-to-section-247-of to read the next batch of sections.


Links to important sections of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Section 30 to Section 40 of BNSS (Provisions relating to Arrest starting from Section 35):


Section 144-163 (Section 144,145,146 and 147 relate maintenance proceedings):


Section 173-Section 187 (including section 173 relating to FIR):


Section 188 to Section 209 (including section 193 relating to chargesheet/police report):


Section 210 to Section 222 (including provisions relating to cognizance):


Section 473 to Section 492) (Including Section 480, Section 481, Section 482, Section 483, Section 484, Section 485 that is, provisions relating to bail):

Recent Posts

See All

コメント


bottom of page