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Medical examination BNS

Section 184 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Medical examination of the victim of rape.


(1) Where, during the stage when an offence of committing rape or attempt to commit rape is under investigation, it is proposed to get the person of the woman with whom rape is alleged or attempted to have been committed or attempted, examined by a medical expert, such examination shall be conducted by a registered medical practitioner employed in a hospital run by the Government or a local authority and in the absence of such a practitioner, by any other registered medical practitioner, with the consent of such woman or of a person competent to give such consent on her behalf and such woman shall be sent to such registered medical practitioner within twenty-four hours from the time of receiving the information relating to the commission of such offence.


(2) The registered medical practitioner, to whom such woman is sent, shall, without delay, examine her person and prepare a report of his examination giving the following particulars, namely:—


(i) the name and address of the woman and of the person by whom she was brought;

(ii) the age of the woman;

(iii) the description of material taken from the person of the woman for

DNA profiling;

(iv) marks of injury, if any, on the person of the woman; (v) general mental condition of the woman; and

(vi) other material particulars in reasonable detail.


(3) The report shall state precisely the reasons for each conclusion arrived at.


(4) The report shall specifically record that the consent of the woman or of the person

competent to give such consent on her behalf to such examination had been obtained.


(5) The exact time of commencement and completion of the examination shall also be noted in the report.


(6) The registered medical practitioner shall, within a period of seven days forward the report to the investigating officer who shall forward it to the Magistrate referred to in section 193 as part of the documents referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (6) of that section.


(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed as rendering lawful any examination without the consent of the woman or of any person competent to give such consent on her behalf.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, "examination" and "registered medical practitioner" shall have the same meanings as respectively assigned to them in section 51.


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Links to important chapters of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS)


Section 30 to Section 40 of BNSS (Provisions relating to Arrest starting from Section 35):



Section 144-163 (Section 144,145,146 and 147 relate maintenance proceedings):



Section 173-Section 187 (including section 173 relating to FIR):



Section 188 to Section 209 (including section 193 relating to chargesheet/police report):



Section 210 to Section 222 (Relating to Cognisance):



Section 473 to Section 492) (Including Section 480, Section 481, Section 482, Section 483, Section 484, Section 485 that is, provisions relating to bail):



Section 184 BNSS| Section 184 of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita|Medical examination| Bare Act

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