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Section 181 BNSS| Section 181 of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita |Bare Act| New CRPC

Updated: Jun 2

Section 181 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Statements to police and use thereof.


(1) No statement made by any person to a police officer in the course of an investigation under this Chapter, shall, if reduced to writing, be signed by the person making it; nor shall any such statement or any record thereof, whether in a police diary or otherwise, or any part of such statement or record, be used for any purpose, save as hereinafter provided, at any inquiry or trial in respect of any offence under investigation at the time when such statement was made:


Provided that when any witness is called for the prosecution in such inquiry or trial whose statement has been reduced into writing as aforesaid, any part of his statement, if duly proved, may be used by the accused, and with the permission of the Court, by the prosecution, to contradict such witness in the manner provided by section 148 of the Bhartiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023; and when any part of such statement is so used, any part thereof may also be used in the re-examination of such witness, but for the purpose only of explaining any matter referred to in his cross-examination.


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(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to apply to any statement falling within the provisions of clause (1) of section 26 of the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023; or to affect the provisions of section 23 of that Adhiniyam.


Explanation.— An omission to state a fact or circumstance in the statement referred to in sub-section (1) may amount to contradiction if the same appears to be significant and otherwise relevant having regard to the context in which such omission occurs and whether any omission amounts to a contradiction in the particular context shall be a question of fact.


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Links to important chapters of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS)


Section 30 to Section 40 of BNSS (Provisions relating to Arrest starting from Section 35):



Section 144-163 (Section 144,145,146 and 147 relate maintenance proceedings):



Section 173-Section 187 (including section 173 relating to FIR):



Section 188 to Section 209 (including section 193 relating to chargesheet/police report):



Section 210 to Section 222 (Relating to Cognisance):



Section 473 to Section 492) (Including Section 480, Section 481, Section 482, Section 483, Section 484, Section 485 that is, provisions relating to bail):




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