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Section 222 BNS to Section 227 BNS|Section 223 BNS|Section 224 BNS|Section 225 BNS|Section 226 BNS

Updated: Feb 8

Section 222 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance.


Whoever, being bound by law to render or furnish assistance to any public servant in the execution of his public duty, intentionally omits to give such assistance,––


(a) shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend

to one month, or with fine which may extend to two thousand five hundred rupees,

or with both;


(b) and where such assistance be demanded of him by a public servant legally competent to make such demand for the purposes of executing any process lawfully issued by a Court or of preventing the commission of an offence, or suppressing a riot, or affray, or of apprehending a person charged with or guilty of an offence, or

of having escaped from lawful custody, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.


Section 223 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant.


Whoever, knowing that, by an order promulgated by a public servant lawfully empowered to promulgate such order, he is directed to abstain from a certain act, or to take certain order with certain property in his possession or under his management, disobeys such direction,––


(a) shall, if such disobedience causes or tends to cause obstruction, annoyance

or injury, or risk of obstruction, annoyance or injury, to any persons lawfully employed,

be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine which may extend to two thousand five hundred rupees, or with both;


(b) and where such disobedience causes or tends to cause danger to human life, health or safety, or causes or tends to cause a riot or affray, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.


Explanation.—It is not necessary that the offender should intend to produce harm, or contemplate his disobedience as likely to produce harm. It is sufficient that he knows of the order which he disobeys, and that his disobedience produces, or is likely to produce, harm.


Illustration.


An order is promulgated by a public servant lawfully empowered to promulgate such order, directing that a religious procession shall not pass down a certain street. A knowingly disobeys the order, and thereby causes danger of riot. A has committed the offence defined in this section.


Section 224 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Threat of injury to public servant.


Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any public servant, or to any person in whom he believes that public servant to be interested, for the purpose of inducing that public servant to do any act, or to forbear or delay to do any act, connected with the exercise of the public functions of such public servant, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.


Section 225 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant.


Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any person for the purpose of inducing that person to refrain or desist from making a legal application for protection against any injury to any public servant legally empowered as such to give such protection, or to cause such protection to be given, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.



Section 226 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Attempt to commit suicide to compel or restraint exercise of lawful power.


Whoever attempts to commit suicide with the intent to compel or restrain any public servant from discharging his official duty shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine or with both or with community service.


CHAPTER XIV

OF FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE


Section 227 BNS| Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):


Giving false evidence.


Whoever, being legally bound by an oath or by an express provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration upon any subject, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, is said to give false evidence.


Explanation 1.—A statement is within the meaning of this section, whether it is made verbally or otherwise.


Explanation 2.—A false statement as to the belief of the person attesting is within the meaning of this section, and a person may be guilty of giving false evidence by stating that he believes a thing which he does not believe, as well as by stating that he knows a thing which he does not know.


Illustrations.


(a) A, in support of a just claim which B has against Z for one thousand rupees, falsely swears on a trial that he heard Z admit the justice of B’s claim. A has given false evidence.


(b) A, being bound by an oath to state the truth, states that he believes a certain signature to be the handwriting of Z, when he does not believe it to be the handwriting of Z. Here A states that which he knows to be false, and therefore gives false evidence.


(c) A, knowing the general character of Z’s handwriting, states that he believes a certain signature to be the handwriting of Z; A in good faith believing it to be so. Here A’s statement is merely as to his belief, and is true as to his belief, and therefore, although the signature may not be the handwriting of Z, A has not given false evidence.


(d) A, being bound by an oath to state the truth, states that he knows that Z was at

a particular place on a particular day, not knowing anything upon the subject. A gives false evidence whether Z was at that place on the day named or not.


(e) A, an interpreter or translator, gives or certifies as a true interpretation or translation of a statement or document which he is bound by oath to interpret or translate truly, that which is not and which he does not believe to be a true interpretation or translation. A has given false evidence.



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