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Section 274 BNSS to Section 278 BNSS| Section 275 BNSS| Section 276 BNSS| Section 277 BNSS

CHAPTER XXII

TRIAL OF SUMMONS-CASES BY MAGISTRATES


Section 274 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Substance of accusation to be stated.


When in a summons-case the accused appears or is brought before the Magistrate, the particulars of the offence of which he is accused shall be stated to him, and he shall be asked whether he pleads guilty or has any defence to make, but it shall not be necessary to frame a formal charge:


Provided that if the Magistrate considers the accusation as groundless, he shall, after recording reasons in writing, release the accused and such release shall have the effect of discharge.


Section 275 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Conviction on plea of guilty.


If the accused pleads guilty, the Magistrate shall record the plea as nearly as possible in the words used by the accused and may, in his discretion, convict him thereon.


Section 276 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Conviction on plea of guilty in absence of accused in petty cases.


(1) Where a summons has been issued under section 229 and the accused desires to plead guilty to the charge without appearing before the Magistrate, he shall transmit to the Magistrate, by post or by messenger, a letter containing his plea and also the amount of fine specified in the summons.


(2) The Magistrate may, in his discretion, convict the accused in his absence, on his plea of guilty and sentence him to pay the fine specified in the summons, and the amount transmitted by the accused shall be adjusted towards that fine, or where a pleader authorised by the accused in this behalf pleads guilty on behalf of the accused, the Magistrate shall record the plea as nearly as possible in the words used by the pleader and may, in his discretion, convict the accused on such plea and sentence him as aforesaid.


Section 277 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Procedure when not convicted.


(1) If the Magistrate does not convict the accused under section 275 or section 276, the Magistrate shall proceed to hear the prosecution and take all such evidence as may be produced in support of the prosecution, and also to hear the accused and take all such evidence as he produces in his defence.


(2) The Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, on the application of the prosecution or the accused, issue a summons to any witness directing him to attend or to produce any document

or other thing.


(3) The Magistrate may, before summoning any witness on such application, require

that the reasonable expenses of the witness incurred in attending for the purposes of the trial be deposited in Court.


Section 278 BNSS| Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Acquittal or conviction.


(1) If the Magistrate, upon taking the evidence referred to in section 277 and such further evidence, if any, as he may, of his own motion, cause to be produced, finds the accused not guilty, he shall record an order of acquittal.


(2) Where the Magistrate does not proceed in accordance with the provisions of section 364 or section 401, he shall, if he finds the accused guilty, pass sentence upon him according to law.


(3) A Magistrate may, under section 275 or section 278, convict the accused of any offence triable under this Chapter, which from the facts admitted or proved he appears to have committed, whatever may be the nature of the complaint or summons, if the Magistrate

is satisfied that the accused would not be prejudiced thereby.


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