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Section 80 BSA to Section 85 BSA | Section 81 BSA | Section 82 BSA | Section 83 BSA | Section 84 BSA

Updated: Feb 8

Section 80 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to Gazettes, newspapers, and other documents.


The Court shall presume the genuineness of every document purporting to be the Official Gazette, or to be a newspaper or journal, and of every document purporting to be a document directed by any law to be kept by any person, if such document is kept substantially in the form required by law and is produced from proper custody.


Explanation.—For the purposes of this section and section 92, document is said to be in proper custody if it is in the place in which, and looked after by the person with whom such document is required to be kept; but no custody is improper if it is proved to have had a legitimate origin, or if the circumstances of the particular case are such as to render that origin probable.


Section 81 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to Gazettes in electronic or digital record.


The Court shall presume the genuineness of every electronic or digital record purporting to be the Official Gazette, or purporting to be electronic or digital record directed by any law to be kept by any person, if such electronic or digital record is kept substantially in the form required by law and is produced from proper custody.


Explanation.—For the purposes of this section and section 93 electronic records are said to be in proper custody if they are in the place in which, and looked after by the person with whom such document is required to be kept; but no custody is improper if it is proved to have had a legitimate origin, or the circumstances of the particular case are such as to render that origin probable.


Section 82 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to maps or plans made by authority of Government.


The Court shall presume that maps or plans purporting to be made by the authority of the Central Government or any State Government were so made, and are accurate; but maps or plans made for the purposes of any cause must be proved to be accurate.


Section 83 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to collections of laws and reports of decisions.


The Court shall presume the genuineness of, every book purporting to be printed or published under the authority of the Government of any country, and to contain any of the laws of that country, and of every book purporting to contain reports of decisions of the Courts of such country.


Section 84 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to powers- of-attorney.


The Court shall presume that every document purporting to be a power-of-attorney, and to have been executed before, and authenticated by, a Notary Public, or any Court, Judge, Magistrate, Indian Consul or Vice-Consul, or representative of the Central Government, was so executed and authenticated.


Section 85 BSA | Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023


Presumption as to electronic agreements.


The Court shall presume that every electronic record purporting to be an agreement containing the electronic or digital signature of the parties was so concluded by affixing the electronic or digital signature of the parties.


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