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Summons BNSS

CHAPTER VI PROCESSES TO COMPEL APPEARANCE


A.—Summons


Section 63 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Form of summons.


Every summons issued by a Court under this Sanhita shall be,—


(i) in writing, in duplicate, signed by the presiding officer of such Court or by such other officer as the High Court may, from time to time, by rule direct, and shall bear the seal of the Court; or


(ii) in an encrypted or any other form of electronic communication and shall bear the image of the seal of the Court or digital signature.



Section 64 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Summons how served.


(1) Every summons shall be served by a police officer, or subject to such rules as the State Government may make in this behalf, by an officer of the Court issuing it or other public servant:


Provided that the police station or the registrar in the Court shall maintain a register to enter the address, email address, phone number and such other details as State Government may, by rules, provide.


(2) The summons shall, if practicable, be served personally on the person summoned, by delivering or tendering to him one of the duplicates of the summons:


Provided that summons bearing the image of Court's seal may also be served by electronic communication in such form and in such manner, as the State Government may,

by rules, provide.


(3) Every person on whom a summons is so served personally shall, if so required by the serving officer, sign a receipt therefor on the back of the other duplicate.


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Section 65 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Service of summons on corporate bodies, firms, and societies.


(1) Service of a summons on a company or corporation may be effected by serving

it on the Director, Manager, Secretary or other officer of the company or corporation, or by letter sent by registered post addressed to the Director, Manager, Secretary or other officer of the company or corporation in India, in which case the service shall be deemed to have been effected when the letter would arrive in ordinary course of post.


Explanation.—In this section, "company" means a body corporate and "corporation" means an incorporated company or other body corporate registered under the Companies Act, 2013 or a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.


(2) Service of a summons on a firm or other association of individuals may be effected by serving it on any partner of such firm or association, or by letter sent by registered post addressed to such partner, in which case the service shall be deemed to have been effected when the letter would arrive in ordinary course of post.


Section 66 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), Bare Act:


Service when persons summoned cannot be found.


Where the person summoned cannot, by the exercise of due diligence, be found, the summons may be served by leaving one of the duplicates for him with some adult member of his family residing with him, and the person with whom the summons is so left shall, if so required by the serving officer, sign a receipt therefor on the back of the other duplicate.


Explanation.—A servant is not a member of the family within the meaning of this section.


Section 67 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Procedure when service cannot be effected as before provided.


If service cannot by the exercise of due diligence be effected as provided in section 64, section 65 or section 66, the serving officer shall affix one of the duplicates of the summons to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which the person summoned ordinarily resides; and thereupon the Court, after making such inquiries as it thinks fit, may either declare that the summons has been duly served or order fresh service in such manner as it considers proper.


Section 68 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Service on Government servant.


(1) Where the person summoned is in the active service of the Government, the Court issuing the summons shall ordinarily send it in duplicate to the head of the office in which such person is employed; and such head shall thereupon cause the summons to be served in the manner provided by section 64, and shall return it to the Court under his

signature with the endorsement required by that section.


(2) Such signature shall be evidence of due service.


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Section 69 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Service of summons outside local limits.


When a Court desires that a summons issued by it shall be served at any place outside its local jurisdiction, it shall ordinarily send such summons in duplicate to a Magistrate within whose local jurisdiction the person summoned resides, or is, to be there served.


Section 70 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Proof of service in such cases and when serving officer not present.


(1) When a summons issued by a Court is served outside its local jurisdiction, and in any case where the officer who has served a summons is not present at the hearing of the case, an affidavit, purporting to be made before a Magistrate, that such summons has been served, and a duplicate of the summons purporting to be endorsed (in the manner provided by section 64 or section 66) by the person to whom it was delivered or tendered or with whom it was left, shall be admissible in evidence, and the statements made therein shall be deemed to be correct unless and until the contrary is proved.


(2) The affidavit mentioned in this section may be attached to the duplicate of the summons and returned to the Court.


(3) All summons served through electronic communication under sections 64 to 71 (both inclusive) shall be considered as duly served and a copy of such summons shall be attested and kept as a proof of service of summons.


Section 71 of The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Service of summons on witness by post.


(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the preceding sections of this Chapter, a Court issuing a summons to a witness may, in addition to and simultaneously with the issue of such summons, direct a copy of the summons to be served by electronic communication or by registered post addressed to the witness at the place where he ordinarily resides or carries on business or personally works for gain:


(2) When an acknowledgement purporting to be signed by the witness or an endorsement purporting to be made by a postal employee that the witness refused to take delivery of the summons has been received or on the proof of delivery of summons under sub-section (3) of section 70 by electronic communication to the satisfaction of the Court, the Court issuing summons may deem that the summons had been duly served.



Links to important sections of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):


Section 30 to Section 40 of BNSS (Provisions relating to Arrest starting from Section 35):


Section 144-163 (Section 144,145,146 and 147 relate maintenance proceedings):


Section 173-Section 187 (including section 173 relating to FIR):


Section 188 to Section 209 (including section 193 relating to chargesheet/police report):


Section 210 to Section 222 (including provisions relating to cognizance):


Section 473 to Section 492) (Including Section 480, Section 481, Section 482, Section 483, Section 484, Section 485 that is, provisions relating to bail):





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